An autonomous committee has proposed a four-phase plan to distribute a coronavirus vaccine among people once it is approved. The committee has said that in the first phase, the vaccine should be allotted to high-risk workers in the healthcare facility and first-hand responders. National Academies of Sciences and Engineering and Medicine committee (NASEMC) has released its draft framework on the allocation of the COVID19 vaccine. People with significantly high risk, which might result in bad outcomes, should be second in line to get the vaccine. This framework of the vaccine will help policymakers to moderately assign the COVID19 vaccine among people. However, experts are still waiting for an effective vaccine to be approved.
Any COVID19 vaccine that is expected to be approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will be in limited supply. When the manufacturers ramp up the production of enough doses, it will be widely available. Authorities are not leaving any stone unturned to produce a sufficient supply of the vaccine in the future but it will be a difficult task to allocate tightly constrained initial supplies. Dr. Eric Toner, a senior scholar has said that the government has given some guidelines to the committee to make a framework of vaccine supply. The committee has also been informed that only 10 to 15 million doses of vaccine will be available initially. That means the country with a population of 330 million, only a few will have access to the vaccine at first.
Phase 1 and 2 of vaccine allocation are expected to comprise at least 45 to 50 percent of the US population, as per the report. Phase 3 will consist of young adults, children, and industrial workers. Well, people who have been at high risk and have not been included in phase 1 or phase 2 will also be considered in the third phase. Phase four will include anyone and everyone who has not been immunized. People who are exposed to an ample amount of virus or in a zone where the virus is spreading fast have been given high priority in the report.